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Book A Public Access Barrister Online | January 6, 2012


Books

M, Allen, “Textbook on Criminal Law” (Oxford University Press, 9th Edition, 2007)

R, Card, “Card, Cross & Jones: Criminal Law” (Oxford University Press, 18th Edition, 2008)

A, Simester and G, Sullivan, “Criminal Law Theory and Doctrine” (Hart Publishing, 3rd Edition, 2007)

A, Ashworth, “Principles of Criminal Law” (Oxford University Press, 6th Edition, 2009) page

P, Richardson et al, “Archbold: Criminal Pleading, Evidence & Practice” (Thomson Sweet & Maxwell, 2007)

M, Maguire et al, “The Oxford Handbook of Criminology” (Oxford University Press, 4th Edition, 2007)

Case list

Rice (1803) 3 East 581;

Young (1838) 8 C & P 644

Cuddy (1843) 1 Car & Kir 210

Attorney-General’s Reference (No.6 (1980) [1981] 2 AU ER 1057

Attorney-General’s Reference (No.6 of1980) [1981] 2 All ER 1057,

Jones (1986) 83 Cr App R 375,
R v Barnes [2004] EWCA Crim. 3246

Clarence [1888] 22 QBD 23

Protection from Harassment Act 1997

Colohan [2001] Crim LR 845

Brown [1994] 1 AC 212

Laskey, Laggard and Brown v United Kingdom Case No. 109/1995/ 615/703-705

Barnes [2004] EWCA Crim 3246

Wilson [1996] 3 WLR 125

Dica [2004] EWCA Crim 1103

R v Konzani [2005] EWCA 706

Journal Articles

Law Com. Consultation Paper No. 139, Consent in the Criminal Law (I995) Part XII,

Gunn and Ormerod, “The Legality of Boxing”(l995) 15 LS 181

Ashworth, “Criminal Liability ill a Medical Context; The Treatment of Good Intentions” in Simester and Smith, Harm and Culpability 173

Social Disutility and the Law of Consent”(l994) 14 OJLS 121

Roberts. “The Philosophical Foundations of Consent in the Criminal Law (1997) 17 OILS 389,

Bergelson, “The Right To be Hurt; Testing the Boundaries of Consent” (2007) 75 George Washington LR 165, 167

Raz, ‘Autonomy, Toleration and the Harm Principle’, in R. Gavison (ed.), Issues in Contemporary Legal Philosophy (1987).

J, Feinberg, ‘Feinberg. Harm to Self, and J. Feinberg. Harmless Wrongdoing (1988)

J, Gardner and S. Shute, ‘The Wrongness of Rape’, reprinted as ch loft. Gardner, Offences and Defences 2007

Duff. “Answering for Crime” (2007). 141-2

Raz, “The Morality of Freedom (l986) 382.

Ryan, ‘Reckless Transmission of HIV: Knowledge and Culpability’ [2006] Crim LR 981,

Bennett, ‘Should we Criminalize HIV Transmission?’ in C. Erin and S. Ost (eds), The Criminal Justice System and Health Care (2007).

Spencer ‘Retrial for Reckless Infection’ (2004) 154 N 1.1762,

Weait “Dica: Knowledge, Consent and the Transmission of HI V” (2004) 154 NLJ 826.

Statute
S.39 of the Criminal Justice Act of 1988
P, Rock, “Sociological Theories of Crime” in M, Maguire et al, “The Oxford Handbook of Criminoloy” (Oxford University Press, 4th Edition

N, Lacey, “Legal Constructions of Crime” in M, Maguire et al, “The Oxford Handbook of Criminoloy” (Oxford University Press, 4th Edition) page 183 defines crime as:

Durkheim “The Division of Labour in society (New York, Free Press (1964) and defines normlessness as a result of deficiency in social regulation.

A, Giddens, “Emile Durkheim: Selected Writings”, (Cambridge University Press) 1972: 11 cited

T, Hirschi, “The Causes of Delinquency”, (California University Press (1969))

P, Scraton, “law, Order and the Authoritarian State: Readings in Critical Criminology, (Open University Press, 1987)

I, Loader and R, Sparks, “Contemporary Landscapes of Crime, Order, and Control: Governance, Risk and Globalization”, in “The Oxford Handbook of Criminoloy” (Oxford University Press, 4th Edition)

D, Garland, “The Culture of Control: Crime and Social Order in Contemporary Society, (Clarendon Press, 2001)a:46,

E, Hobsbawm, “The Age of Extremes: The Short Twentieth Century 1914-1991) 1994

C, Hay, “Re-stating Social and Political Change, Buckingham, (Open University Press, 1996)

J, Feinberg, “The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law (Oxford University Press 1984-8) and Hillyard et al, “Beyond Criminology: Taking Harm Seriously”, (Pluto Press 2004):

H, Hart, “Law, Liberty and Morality”, (Oxford University Press 1963)

A, Ashworth and M,Blake, “The Presumption of Innocence in English Criminal Law” Criminal Law Review 306 -17 (1996)

V, Tadros and S,Tierney, “The Presumption of Innocence and the Human Rights Act” Modern Law Review, 67(3): 402-43 (2004)

J, Langbein, “The Origins of Adversary Criminal Trial”, (Oxford University Press, 2003)

N, Lacey, “Responsibility and Modernity in Criminal Law”, Journal of Political Philosophy 9(3) 249 – 277 [2001]

C, Shaw and H, Mckay, “Juvenile Delinquency and Urban Areas” (University of Chicago Press, 1942),

B, Lander, “Towards an Understanding of Juvenile Delinquency”, (Columbia University Press 1954)

T, Morris, “The Criminal Are: A Study in Social Ecology”, (Routledge & Kegan Paul 1957)

M, Felson and R, Clarke, “Opportunity Makes the Thief: Practical Theory for Crime Prevention, Police Research Series”, (London: Home Office 1998)

A, Bottoms, “Environmental Criminology” in M, Maguire, R, Morgan and R Reiner (eds) The Oxford Handbook of Criminology, 1st edn (Oxford University Press)

R, Clarke “Situational Crime Prevention” in M, Tonry and D, Farrington (eds, “Building a Safer Society (University of Chicago Press 1995)

R, Clark “Situational Crime Prevention: Successful Case Studies”,(2edn Guilderland, Harrow and Heston 1997

M, Smith and D, Cornish, “Theory for practice in Situational Crime Prevention” (Criminal Justice Press 2003),

S, Chainey and J, Radcliffe, “GIS and crime management”, (John Wiley 2005: 28-31)

K, Bowers et al, “Closing off opportunities for crime: an evaluation of alley-gating” European Journal of Criminal Policy and Research 10:283-308, 2004)

H, Kennedy, “Women and British Justice: Eve was framed” (2005, Vintage) page 7
http://www.domesticabuse.co.uk
http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs/hors191.pdf
Dr Gadd “Domestic Abuse Against Men in Scotland” http://www.keele.ac.uk/depts/cr/Gadd/dvam.pdf page 15
F, Heidensohn and L, Gelsthorpe, “Gender and Crime” in M, Maguire et al “The Oxford Handbook of Criminology” (Oxford University Press, 2007) page 397
S, Walby, J, Allen “Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault and Stalking: Findings from the British Crime Survey, Home Office Research Study 276, London: Home: Office (2004)
B, Halle “The Sinners and the Sinned Against: Women in the Criminal Justice System” 4th Longford Lecuture, London: Prison Reform Trust, (2005).
M, Rice, (1990) “Challenging Orthodoxies in Feminist Theory: A black feminist critique” in L, Gelsthorpe and A, Morris (eds) Feminist perpectives in Criminology, Buckingham: Open University Press
K, Bottomley and K, Pease Crime and Punishment: Interpreting the Data, Milton Keynes: Open University Press .N, Walker, “Crime and Criminology. A Critical Introduction, Oxford: Oxford University Press.  1987   
EDWARDS, S. (1984), Women on Trial, Manchester: Manchester University Press.
CARLEN, P. (1983), Womens Imprisonment, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
DALY, K. (1989), ‘Rethinking Judicial Paternalism: FA Gender, Work-Family Relations and Sentencing’, Gender and Society, 3(1): (1-36)
M., Pearson, C. & Harwin, H (1999) Making an Impact. London, Jessica Kingsley
Woman’s Aid, “Children Bill 2004 – Women’s Aid Federation Briefing on the Amendment to the Children Act 1989 on Child Contact 18.10.04” http://www.womensaid.org.uk/domestic-violence articles.asp?section=00010001002200330001&itemid=1250
P, Harris, “Violent fathers gain access to children”  http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2002/dec/15/childrensservices.uknews
Fawcett Society, “Female victims – experiences of the criminal justice system” http://www.fawcettsociety.org.uk/index.asp?PageID=947
Domestic Violence, Crime and Victims Act 2004.
Z, Craven, “Battered Woman Syndrome” http://www.austdvclearinghouse.unsw.edu.au/PDF%20files/battered%20_woman_syndrome.pdfPage 2  
L.E. Walker (1977-78). Battered women and learned helplessness. Victimology: an International Journal , 2(3/4), 525-534.
L.E Walker,, (1984). The battered woman syndrome . New York: Springer Publishing Co.
L.E, Walker, (1992). Battered women syndrome and self-defense. Symposium on Woman and the Law, Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy , 6(2), 321-334.
M, Dutton, “Critique of the battered woman model” http://www.aaets.org/article138.htm
Emery (1993) 14 CR App R (S) 394,
M, Allen, “Textbook on Criminal Law” (9th Edition, Oxford University press) page 177
Legislating the Criminal Code: Offences Against the Person and General Principles (Law Com No. 218),
A, Ashworth, “Principles of Criminal Law” (Oxford University Press, 6th Edition) page 251
Ibrams [1982] 74 Cr App R 154
Wasik, M, Wasik, “Cumulative Provocation and Domestic Killing” [1982] Crim LR 29.
Ahluwalia [1993] 96 CR App R 133
Brett, “The Physiology of Provocation” [1970] Crim LR 640
O’Donovan, “Defences for Battered Women Who Kill” (l991) 18 J Law and Soc 219
Nicholson, “Telling Tales: Gender Discrimination Gender Construction and Battered Women Who Kill” (l995) 3 Feminist Leg Stud 185.
Law Com No.290, “Partial Defences to Murder”
McColgan, “In Defence of Battered Women Who Kill” (1993) 130 J Law and Soc 508;
Wells, “Battered Women Syndrome and Defences to Homicide: Where Now?” (l994) 14 LS 266;
Dressler, “Battered Women Who Kill Their Syndrome and Defences to Homicide: Where Now?” (l994) 14 LS 266;
Dressler, “Battered Women Who Kill their sleeping tormentors: Reflections on Maintaining Respect for Human Life while Killing Moral Monsters” in Shute and Simester Criminal Law Theory: Doctrines of the General Part (2002) 259
R, Card, “Card, Cross & Jones: Criminal Law” (Oxford University Press, 18th Edition) page 660
Professor Griew, “The Future of Diminished Responsibility” [1988] Crim LR 75
A, Simester and G, Sullivan, “Criminal Law Theory and Doctrine” (Oxford and Portland Oregon, 2007, Third Edition) page 352
R v Mancini [1942] AC 1
Horder, “Re-Shaping the Subjective Element in the Provocation Defence” (200S) 2S Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 123.
Dressler, “Provocation in Irish Law” (1987) 50 MLR 467 and McAuley, “Anticipating the Past: The Defence of Provocation in Irish Law” (1987) 50 MLR 133

M, Jones, “Textbook on Torts” (Blackstone Press Limited, 2000) Page 495

The Broadcasting Act 1990

T, Weir, “A casebook on Tort” (London, Sweet & Maxwell, 2004) page 520

Sim v Stretch [1936] 2 All ER 1237

J, Steel, “Tort Law: Text, Case and Materials” (Oxford University Press, 2007) page 761

F, Trindade, “Defamatory Statements and Political Discusssion” (2000) 116 LQR 185

K, Williams, “Defaming Politicians: The not so Common Law” (2003) 63 MLR 748

J, Fleming, “The Law of Torts ( 9th Edition, NSW: Law Book Company, 1998) Page 648

The Defamation Act 1952

Lewis Daily Telegraph [1964] AC 234

Hough v London Express [1940] 2 KB 507

L, Bently and B, Sherman, “Intellectual Property law” (Oxford University Press, 2009) page 1002

Slim v Daily Telegraph [1968] 2 QB 157

E, Barendt, “Libel and Freedom of Speech in English Law [1993] PL 449

Lyon v Daily Telegraph [1943] KB 746

Cheng v Tse Wai Chun Paul [2000] 4 HKC 1 at 14

Reynolds v Times Newspapers Limited [2001] 2 AC 127

London Artists v Littler [1969] 2 QB 375

Kemsley v Foot [1952] AC 345

Rupert Lowe v Associated Newspapers [2006] EWHC 320

Telnikoff v Matusevitch [1992] 2 AC 343

Branson v Bower [2002] QB 737.

European Convention on Human Rights.

Richardson & Thomas, “Archbold 2003” (Thomson Sweet & Maxwell) page 1544.
Human Rights Act 1998

Handyside v UK, X Ltd v UK 28 DR 77

Lingens v Austria 8 EHRR 407

Muller v Switzerland 18 EHRR 276

Jersild v Denmark 19 EHRR 1

Otto-Premiger-Institut v Austria 19 EHRR 34

Prager and Obershclick v Austria 21 EHRR

Goodwin v UK 22 EHRR 123

Gleaves v Deakin [1980] AC 477 HL

Defamation Act 1996

Reynold v Times Newspapers Ltd [2001] 2 AC 127

I, Loveland “Reynolds v Times Newspapers in the House of Lords” [2000] PL 351
Al-Fagih v HH Saudi Research and Marketing (UK) Ltd [2001] EWCA Civ 1634.

1. I,Smith, & G, Thomas, “Smith & Wood’s: Employment Law” (Oxford University Press, 2008) page 121

William Hill Organisation Ltd v Tucker [1998] IRLR

Turner v Sawdon & Co . [l90l] 2 KB 653

Herbert Clayton and Jack Waller Ltd v Oliver [l930] AC 209

Langston v AUEW (No.2) [l974] ICR 5l0 at page 52l.

Fechter v Montgomery (l863) 33 Beav. 22,

Marbe v George Edwardes (Daly’s Theatre) Ltd [l928] l KB 269,

Driscoll v Australian RMSN Co . (l859) l F & F 458),

Collier v Sunday Referee Publishing Co. Ltd [l940] 2 KB 647,

Addis v Gramophone Co Ltd [l909] AC,

Devonald v Rosser [l906] 2 KB 728

Addis v Gramophone Co Ltd [l909] AC 488.

Provident Financial Group v Hayward [l989] ICR l60.

William Hill Organisation Ltd v Tucker [1998] IRLR 313

Credit Suisse v Armstrong [l996] ICR 882,

Devonald v Rosser & Sons [l906] 2 K.B. 728

Turner v Sawdon & Co. [l90l] 2 K.B. 653

Evening Standard Co Ltd v Henderson [1987] ICR 588, [1987] IRLR 64 CA

Euro Brokers Ltd v Rabey [1995] IRLR 206

M, Freedland, “Industrial Conflict Law” (1989) 18 ILJ 112

Gouldring, “Injunctions and contracts of employment: the Evening Standard doctrine (1990) 19 ILJ

Warner Bros, v. Nelson (1937) 1 K.B. 209

Symbian Ltd v Christiensen [2001] IRLR 77 CA

Credit Suisse Asset Management Ltd v Armstrong [1996] ICR 882, [1996] IRLR 450

GFI Group Inc v Eaglestone [1994] IRLR 119

Cantor Fitzgerald International v George [2002] IRLR 867

Clark v Nomura International plc [2000] IRLR 766

Fulham Football Club (1987) Ltd v Jean Tigana [2005] EWCA Civ 895, [2004] EWHC 2585 QB

Crystal Palace FC (2000) Ltd v Stephen Bruce [2001]

Sendo Holdings plc (in administration) v Brogan [2005] EWHC 2040 (QB)

TFS Derivatives Ltd. v Morgan [2004] EWHC 3181

SG & R Valuation Service Co v. Boudrais & others, it was held [2008] EWHC 1340 (QB)

Gogay v. Hertfordshire CC [2000] IRLR 703

Standard Life Healthcare Ltd v. Gorman & others [2009] EWHC 791.

Herbert Morris Ltd v Saxelby [1916] 1 AC 688

Allied Dunbar (Frank Weisinger) Ltd v Weisinger [1988] IRLR 60.

American Cyanamid Co v. Ethicon Ltd [2001] 1 WLR

Knight v Knight (1840) 3

Hunter v Moss [1994], Re London Wine Co (Shippers) Ltd (1975) 126 NLJ 977

Re Goldcorp Exchange Ltd [1995] 1 AC 74). 1

Palmer v Simmonds (1854) 16 Sim

Boyce v Boyce (1849) 16 Sim 476

Law of Property Act 1925

Sen v Headley [1991] Ch 425

Cain v Moon [1862] 2 QB

Birch v Treasury Solicitor [1951] Ch 298

Re Barlow’s Will Trust [1979]

Paul v Constance [1977] 1 WLR 527

Re Mustapha (1891) 8 TLR 160

Re Craven’s Estate [1937] Ch 423

Strong v Bird (1874) LR 18 Eq 315

Re Ralli’s Trusts [1964] Ch 288

Pennington v Waine [2002] 1 WLR 2075

T.Choithram International SA v Pagarani [2001] 1 WLR 1 PC

Lambes v Eames (1871) 6 Ch App 597.

Re Adams & Kensington Vestry (1884) 27 ChD 394

Comiskey v Bowring –Hanbury [1905] AC

Mental Capacity Act 2005

R, Pearce & J, Stevens, “The Law of Trust and Equitable Obligations”, (4 Edn, Oxford University Press 2006)

Milroy v Lord (1862) 4 De GF & J 26

Re Rose [1952] Ch 499 (CA)

Articles

1. Baker P.V, ‘Land as donatio mortis causa’, [1993] L.Q.R., 19-21

2. Garton, J, ‘The role of the trust mechanism in the rile in Re Rose’, [2003], Conv., 364-379

3. Halliwell, M, ‘Perfecting imperfect gifts and trusts: have we reached the end of the Chancellor’s foot?’, [2003], Conv., 192-202

Books

1. R, Pearce, and J, Stevens, “The Law of Trusts and Equitable Obligations” (3rd Ed), 2002, (Butterworths LexisNexis, London)

2. D, Hayton, D, and C, Marshall, “The Law of Trusts and Equitable Remedies” (12th Ed), 2005, (Thomson Sweet & Maxwell)

3. Oxford, “A Dictionary of Law”, 6th Ed, 2006 (Oxford University Press)

4. Wilkie, M, Malcolm, R, Luxton, Peter, “Questions and Answers Equity and Trusts”, (6th Ed), 2008, (Oxford University Press)

5. R, Pearce and J, Stevens, “The Law of Trusts and Equitable obligations” (Oxford University Press, Fourth Edition, 2006) op cit page 196

6. Hanbury & Martin, “Modern Equity” (17th Edition, 2005)

7. Hayton and Marshall, “Commentary and Case on the Law of Trusts and Equitable Remedies (Sweet & Maxwell Press, 2001)

8. P, Todd, S, Lowe, “Textbook on Trusts” (Fifth edition, Blackstone Press Limited)

Cases

Richards v Delbridge (1874) LR 18 Eq 11 at 14.

Saulnier v Anderson [1987] N.B.J. No. 830

Paul v Constance [I977] l WLR 527, CA.

Jones v Lock (1865) 1 Ch App 25.

Milroy v Lord (1862) 4 De GF & J 264

Pennington v Waine [2001] 1 WLR 275

Strong v Bird [1874] LR 18 Eq 315

Re Freeland [1952] Ch ll0;

Re Wale [1956] WLR 1346;

Choithram v Pagarani [2001J 2 All ER 492

Re James [1935] Ch 449

Re Gonin [1979] CH 16

Fletcher v Fletcher [1844] 4 Hare 67

Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999

Re Kay’s Settlement [1939] Ch 329

Re Cook’s Settlement Trusts [1965] Ch 902

Mascall v Mascall [1984] 50 P & CR 119 CA

Re Johnson (l905) 92 LT 357, per Farwell J;

Re Craven’s Estate [1937] Ch 423, Per Farwell J;

Delgoffe v Fader [1939] Ch 922, per Luxmore U;

Birch v Treasury Solicitor [1951] Ch 298.

Smallacombe v Elder’s Trustee & Executor Co Ltd [1963] WAR at 4-5

Re Lillingston [1952] 2 All ER 184 at 187,

Wilkes v Allington [1931] 2 Ch 104,

Gardner v Parker (IBIS) 3 Madd IB4;

Staniland v Willott (lB52) 3 Mac & G 664;

Keys v Hore (lB79) 13 ILT 58.

Birch v Treasury Solicitor [1951] Ch 298

Woodard v Woodard [1991] Fam Law 470

J, Fairhurst, “Law of the European Union”, (Longman Publishing 2007)

P, Craig, and G, De Burca, “EU Law: Text, Cases and Materials”, (Oxford University Press, 2008 4th edn)

Commission v Italy (C-51/83) [1984] ECR 2793

Commission v Netherlands (C-350/02) [2004] I-6213

Commission v France (C-1/00) [2001] ECR I-9989

Commission v Spain C-278/01

G, De Burca, “The Institutional Development of the EU: A Constitutional Analysis page 55 in P, Craig and G, De Burca, “The Evolution of EU Law” (Oxford University Press, 2003)

Commission Report SEC(95)731 final

Council report, Brussels 1995

European parliament Resolution, A4-0102/95;

Court of Justice Report, May 1995

Article 300 of the EC Treaty
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/en/treaties/dat/12002E/htm/C_2002325EN.003301.html accessed 29 December 2008

M, Van Schendelen, ‘The Council Decides: Does the Council Decide?” (1996) 34 JCMS 531

R, Pedler and G, Schaefer “EC Committees: Influence Counts More than Legal Powers” in (eds), Shaping European Law and Policy: The Role of Committees and Comitology in the Political Process (European Institute of Public Administration, 1996)

S, Bulmer’s article “New Institutionalism. The Single Market and EU Governance” Paper delivered at the 5th Biennal European Community Studies Association Conference, Seattle, 199

S, Bulmer and K, Armstrong, “ The Governance of the Single European Market (Manchester University Press, 1998)

Carvel v Council [1995] ECR II 2765

Netherlands v Council [1996] ECR I -2169

Interporc v Commission [1998] T – 83/96

Van der Wal v Commission [1998] T-174/95

Svenska Journalistforbundet v Council [1998].

M, den Boer “Justice and Home Affairs” in the Treaty on European union: More Complexity Despite Communautairaisation (1997) 4 Masstricht Journal of European and Comparative Law 300

W, van Eekelen, “The Common Foreign and Security Policy” in Reforming the Treaty on European Union 19,323,326

D, Curtin, “Betwixt and Between: Democracy and Transparency in the Governance of the EU” in reforming the Treaty on European Union: The Legal Debate (Kluwer Law International 1996) pages 19 and 21.

F, Hayes-Renshaw and H, Wallace, “The Council of Ministers (Macmillan, 1997

C, Craig and D, De burca, “EU Law: Text, Cases, and Materials” (4edn, Oxford University Press, 2008)

T, Christiansen. “Intra-institutional Politics and Inter-Institutional Relations in the EU: Towards Coherent Governance?” (2001) 8 JEPP 747:

EU Constitutional Treaty 2004

D, Chalmers, & A, Tomkins, “European Union Public law”,(2007, Cambridge University Press) Page 2

J, Habermas and J, Derrida, ‘February 15, or, What binds European Together: Pleas for a Common Foreign Policy Beginning in Core Europe’ in D, Levy et al, “Old Europe, New Europe, Core Europe: Transatlantic Revelations after the Iraq War (London, Verso, 2005)5, 10-12

D, Levy et al, “Old Europe, New Europe, Core Europe: Transatlantic Revelations after the Iraq War (London, Verso, 2005)

M, Malmborg and B, Straith, ‘Introduction: The National Meanings of European in M. Malmbord and B, Straith (eds), The Meaning of Europe (Oxford, Berg 2002) 1,9,20

M. Malmbord and B, Straith (eds), The Meaning of Europe (Oxford, Berg 2002)

Meinander in his article ‘On the Brink or Between? The Conception of Europe in Finnish Identity’ in M, Malmborg and B, Strath (eds) The Meaning of Europe (Oxford, Berg 2002)

Single European Act

J, Weiler, “The Transformation of Europe” (1991) 100 Yale Law Journal 2403, 2476-7

J,Zielonka, ‘How New Enlarged Borders will Reshape the European Union’ (2001) 39 Journal of Common Market Studies 507, 513-15

The European Communities Act 1972

McCarthys Ltd v Smith [1979] ICR 785

McCarthys Ltd v Smith [1979] Case 129/79

McCarthys Ltd v Smith [1981] QB 180

Garland v BREL [1983] 2 AC 751
Garland v BREL Case 12/81

Duke v GEC reliance [1988] AC 618

Pickstone v Freeman plc [1988] AC 66

Von Colson 14/83

N, Foster, ‘The Effect of the European Communities Act 1972 s.2(4) (1988) 51 MLR 775

Lister v Forth Dry Dock & Engineering Co. Ltd [1990] 1 AC 546

Directive 187/77

CR Smith v Glaziers (Dunfermline) Limited v Commissioners of Customs and Excise

Sixth VAT directive (77/338).

Thoburn v Sunderland City Council [2002] 1 CMLR 50

T, Allen, “The limits of Parliamentary Sovereignty’ (1986) Public Law 614

H, Wade, “Sovereignty and the European Communities” (1972) 88 LQR 1

H, Wade, “What has Happened to the Sovereignty of Parliament?” (1991) 107 LQR 1

P, Craig, “Sovereignty of the United Kingdom Parliament and Factortame (1991) 9 YEL 221

Minster for Economic Affairs v S.A. Fromagie ‘Le Ski’ [1972] CMLR 330

A, Dashwood, “The Relationship between the Member States and the European Union/European Community (2004) 41 CML Rev 355 – 381

French Consitution

German Constitution (Grundegestz)

Belgian Constitution

Internationale Handelsgesellschaft [1974] 2 CMLR 540

Wunsche Handelsgesellschaft [1987] 3 CMLR 225

Brunner [1994] 1 CMLR 57

N, Foster, The German Constitution and EC Membership” Public Law (Autumn 1994) 392

Federal Tax case 9/1/1996, 7 EuZW 126 (1996)

F, Hoffmeister, “German Bundesverfassungsgericht: Alcan Decision of 17 February, 2000; Constitutional review of EC Regulation on bananas, Decsion of 7 June 2000” (2001) 38 CML Rev 791

Brasserie du Pecheur v Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesgerichtshof) (C46/93) the result of breaches of the community rules, resulting in state liability was recognised.

Italian Constitution

Costa v Enel (6/64)

Simmenthal (92/78)

Granital SpA v Adminstrazione delle Finanze (1984) 21 CML Rev 756-72

Fragd SpA v Ammistrazione delle Finanze (1990) 27 CML Rev 93-5

G, Gaja, “New Developments in a Continuing Story; The Relationship between EC Law and Italian Law’ (1990) 27 CML Rev 83

Café Vabre [1975] 2 CMLR 336

Garage Dehus Sarl v Bouche Distribution [1984] 3 CMLR 452.

Minister of the Interior v Cohn-Bendit [1980] 1 CMLR 543

S, Milins, “The Treaty of Amsterdam and the Constitutional Revision in France” (1999) 5 EPL 61

Nicolo [1990] 1 CMLR 173

Boisdet [1991] 1 CMLR 3

Rothmans [1993] CML 253

Dangeville [1993] PL 535

Francovich C-6 case

P, Manin, “The Nicolo Case of the Conseil d’Etat: French Constiutional Law and the Supreme Administrative Court’s Acceptance of the Primacy of Community Law over Subsequent National Statute Law’ (1991) 28 CML Rev 499.

Articles
R, Panikkar, “Is the notion of human rights a western concept?” (1982) 120 Diogenes 75-102
C,Cerna, ‘Universality of human rights and cultural diversity: Implementation of human rights in different socio-cultural contexts’ (1994) 16 Human Rights Quarterly 740
P, Adamantia Pollis, ‘Cultural relativism revisited: Through a state prism’ (1996) 18 Human Rights Quarterly 316-44.
M, Herskovits, ‘Statement on human rights’, (1947) 49 American Anthropologist 539-543.
K, Engle, ‘From scepticism to embrace: Human rights and the American Anthropological Association from 1947-1999’ (2001) 23 Human Rights Quarterly 536-59, at 5
S, Marks. ‘From the “Single Confused Page” to the “Decalogue for Six Billion Persons”: The roots of the Universal Declaration of Human “Decalogue for Six Billion Persons”: The roots of the Universal Declaration of Human
E. Washburn, ‘Cultural relativism, human fights, and the AAA’, (1987) 89 American Anthropologist 939-43, at 939,
V, Schmidt, “The New World Order Inc: The Rise of Business and the Decline of the Nation-State (1995) 124 Daedelus 75 – 76
Alison Renteln, ‘Relativism and the search for I human rights’ (1988) 90 American Anthropologist 56-72.
E. Eriksen, et alThe Chartering of Europe (Arena Report No. 8/2001), rtp:llec.europa.eu/justice_home/doc_centre/rights/charter/docs/network_commentary_final%20_180706.pdf;
K, Feus (ed.), “An EU Charter of Fundamental Rights: Text and Commentaries (Federal Trust, 2000); EU “Network of Independent Experts on Fundamental Rights, Commentary on the Charter” (June, 2006) although not forgetting the countries who don’t. · Amnesty International, ‘Human Rights Dissolving at the Borders? Counter-Terrorism and EU Criminal Law’ (Amnesty, May, 2005);
C, Teitgen-Colly, ‘The European Union and Asylum: An Illusion of Protection’ (2006) 43 CMLRev. 1503.
Ansocean Marine Paint v. Commission [1974] ECR 1063
L. Besselink, ‘Entrapped by the Maximum Standard: on Fundamental Rights, Pluralism and Subsidiarity in the European Union’ (l998) 35 CMLRev. 629
J. Weiler, ‘Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Boundaries’, in The Constitution of Europe (Cambridge University Press, 1999), ch. 3.
J, Weiler and N, Lockhart, “Taking Rights Seriously” Seriously: The European Court and its Fundamental Rights Jurisprudence’ (1995) 32 CMLRev. 51,
Costello, ‘The Bosphorus Ruling of the ECtHR: Fundamental Rights and Blurred Boundaries in Europe’ (2006) 6 HRLR 87
Omega Spielhallen- und Automatenaufstellungs-GmbH v. Oberbiirgermeisterin der Bundesstadt Bonn [2004] ECR 1-9609
J, Weiler,”’Does the EU Truly Need a Charter of Rights?’ (2000) 6 ELJ95
K,Kuhnert, ‘Bosphorus-Double Standards in European Human Rights Protection?’ (2006) 2 Utrecht Law Review 177,
N. Neuwahl and A. Rosas (eds.), The EU and Human Rights (Kluwer, 1995)
De Witte, ‘The legal Status of the Charter: Vital Question or Non-Issue?’ (2001) 8 MJ 81;
A. Clapham, ‘Where is the EU’s Human Rights Common Foreign Policy?
C. MCCrudden, ‘The Future of The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights’,
J. Dutheil de la Rochere, ‘Droits del’homme: : La Charte des droits fondamentaux et au dela’,
G. De Burca, ‘Human Rights: The Charter and Beyond’, Jean Monnet Working Paper 10101, http://www.jeanmonnetprogram.orglpapers.
L. Betten ‘The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights: A Trojan Horse or a Mouse?’ [2001] ICLR 151.
H. Toner, ‘Impact Assessment and Fundamental Rights Protection in EU Law’ (2006) 31 ELRev. 316.
J,Liisberg, ‘Does the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights Threaten the Supremacy of Community Law?’ (200l) 38 CMLRev.1l7l.
J.H.H. Weiler, ‘The European Court at a Crossroads: Community Human Rights and Member State Action’, in F. Capotorti et al. (eds.), Du Droit International au Droit de !’Integration (Nomos, 1987),839-841.
E, Hatch, Culture and Morality: The Relativity of Values in Anthropology (New York: Columbia University Press, 1983), 37-9,
A,Pollis, ‘Cultural relativism revisited: Through a state prism’ (l996) 18 Human Rights Quarterly 316-44
Chris Brown, “Cultural diversity and international political theory: From the requirement to “mutual respect”?” (2000) 26 Review of International Studies page 200
C, Nowlin, ‘The protection of morals under the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms’ (2002) 24 Human Rights Quarterly 264-86.
M, Freeman, ‘Human rights and real cultures: Towards a dialogue on ‘’Asian values’” (1998) 16 Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights 25-39
T, Higgins, ‘Anti-essentialism, relativism and human rights’ (l996) 19 Harvard Women’s Law Journal 89
E, Hatch, ‘The Good Side of Relativism’ (1997) 53 Journal of Anthropological Research 371-81
E, Brems, “The margin of appreciation in the case-law of the European Court of Human Rights’ (1996) Zeitschrift fur ausliindisches offentliches Recht und VOlkerrecht page 309
BBC NEWS | UK | Demands for MI5 ‘torture’ inquiry
news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/7930888.stm
D, Bell and J, Carens, ‘The ethical dilemmas of international human rights and humanitarian NGOs: Reflections on a dialogue between practioners and theorists’ (2004) 26 Human Rights Quarterly 300-29, at 307.
M, Freeman, ‘The problem of secularism in human rights theory’ (2004) 26 Human Rights Quarterly 375-400
The Observer, and The Guardian v United Kingdom; The Sunday Times v United Kingdom (The Spycatcher Case) (1991) 14 EHRR 229,
U,Baxi,. ‘Voices of suffering and the future of human rights’ (1998) 8 Transnational Law and Contemporary Problems 125-70
S, Moller et al, “Is Multiculturalism Bad for Women? (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999) in M, Dembour op cit page 163
J, Fortin, “Children’s Rights and the Developing Law (Second edition, London Butterworths, 2003) pages 550 to 566

M,Dembour, ‘Diversity or commonality: The power to toss the human rights coin’, (2005) Mediterranean Journal of Human Rights 65-91.
S, Freedman. ‘European Community Discrimination Law: A Critique’ (1992) lU 119-134
K,Lenaerts, and E, De Smijter, ‘A Bill of Rights for the EU’ (200!) 38 CMLRev.273
L, Besselink, ‘Entrapped by the Maximum Standard: On Fundamental Rights, Pluralism and Subsidiarity in the European Union’ (l998) 35 CMLRev.629
J,Coppell, and A,O’Neill, ‘The European Court of Justice: Taking Rights Seriously?’ (1992) 12 Legal Studies 227
E. Fierro, ‘Legal Basis and Scope of the Human Rights Clause in EC Bilateral Agreements’ [2001] ELI 41
S, Douglas Scott, ‘The Charter of Fundamental Rights as a Constitutional Document’ [2004] EHRLR37
B. De Witte and G. Toggenburg, ‘Human Rights and Membership of the European Union’, in S. Peers and

Books
M, Dembour, “Who believes in Human Rights?: Reflection on the European Convention” (Cambridge University Press) Page 155
J. Vincent, Human Rights and International Relations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1986),
J,Donnelly, Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice (Ist edn, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1989), 107-60; (2nd edn, 2003), 71-119;
H, Steiner and P,Alston, International Human Rights in Context: Law, Politics, Morals (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000), at 372-4.
H,Barnett, “Constitutional & Administrative Law” (Seventh Edition, Routledge Cavendish) page 466
A, Kuper, Anthropology and Anthropologists: The Modern British School (3rd edn, London: Routledge, 1996).
N,Blake, and R, Huzain, “Immigration, Asylum and Human Rights” (Oxford University Press, 2003) page 349
Harris, O’Boyle and Warwick, Law of the European Convention on Human Rights (Butterworths, 1995) page 159.
G, Clayton, “Textbook on Immigration and Asylum Law” (Oxford University Press, 2008) page 94
L, Vedsted-Hansen in F. Nicholson and P. Twomey (eds), Refugee Rights and Realities: Evolving International Concepts and Regimes (Cambridge University Press, 1999) page275.
R, Dworkin, “Taking Rights Seriously” (Duckworth, 1977) page vii sources.
H, Barnett, ‘On science and human rights’ (l948) 50 American Anthropologist 352-5.
P. Alston, et al, “The EU and Human Rights” (Oxford University Press, 1999) chapter 1,
P, Craig and G, Deburca, “EU Law: Text, Case and Materials” (4th Edition, Oxford University Press) page 379
J,Cowan et al Culture and Rights: Anthropological Perspectives (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001);
A, Kuper, Culture: The Anthropologists’ Account (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard :University Press, 1999)
A,Williams, The Irony of Human Rights in The European Union (Oxford University Press, 2004)
P, Van Djik, G, Van Hoof, “Theory and Practice of the European Convention in Human Rights (Second Edition, Deventer, 1990) page 604
R,Fox et al , Anthropology Beyond Culture (Oxford: Berg,2002)
Van Dijk and G. Van Boof, Theory and Practice of the European Convention on Human Rights (3rd edn., Kluwer, 1998),21.
J, Donelly, “Universal Human Rights” (1st Edition) pages 119- 120M,
R, Clayton and H, Tomlinson, “The Law of Human Rights” (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000), page 274,
M, Greenberg, “How facts make law” in S, Hershovitz, “Exploring Law’s Empire: The Jurisprudence of Ronald Dworkin” (Oxford University Press) page 225
A. Ward (eds.), The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights (Hart, 2004), 59.
A,Williams, EU Human Rights Policies: a Study in Irony (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2004) 139.
D, Chalmers and A, Tomkins, “European Union Public Law” (Cambridge University Press) page 232
P,Craig and G, Deburca, “The Evolution of EU Law” (Oxford University Press) Page 520

Cases
Handyside v United Kingdom [1976] 1 EHRR 737
Natson and Belmann [1976] ECR 1185, 1207
Ministere Public y. Mutsch [1985] ECR 2681,
D v Council [2001] ECR I-4319
Hauer v. Land Rheinland-Pfalz [1979] ECR 3727
International Handelsgesellschaft v. Einfuhr- und Vorratstelle fur Getreide und Futtermittel [1970] ECR 1125.
Schmidberger v Austria [2003] ECR 1-5659
T v United Kingdom [1999] ECHR 30 EHRR 121
X v Germany 1 DR 65.
C, Geertz,. ‘Anti anti -relativism’ (1984) 86 American Anthropologist 263-78
Tyrer v United Kingdom 25 April 1978, Series A, No. 26, (1979-1980) 2 EHRR
Johnston and Others v Ireland [1986]
A v Secretary of State for the Home Department; X v Same [2005] 2 AC 68,
Sunday Times v United Kingdom (The Sunday Times case) (1979) 2 EHRR 245,
Golder v United Kingdom [l975] ECHR, Series A, Vol 8
Silver and others v United Kingdom (1983) (1983) 5 EHRR 347
Otto-Preminger Institut v Austria (1995) 19 EHRR 34; (l994) ECHR

Legislation
EC Treaty,
European Convention on Human Rights

P, Craig and G, De burca, “EU Law Text , Cases and Materials” (Fourth Edition, Oxford University Press 2008)

EC Treaty

Directive 2006/54,

Enderby v Frenchay Health Authority

Danfoss1,

(Wiener Gebietskrankenkasse2).

(Enderby v Frenchay3).

(see Royal Copenhagen4).

Nimz v Freie und Hansestadt5.

Barber v Guardian Royal Exchange6,

Directive 2006/54,

(Dekker v VJV Centrum7);

Directive 79/7

Commission v Italy8,

Brachfeld9,

Bresciani10,

Humblot11,

Commission v French at para 40).

Chemial Farmaceutici v DAF12,

(Commission v Greece13).

The Cambridge University online dictionary http://dictionary.cambridge.org/define.asp?key=5041&dict=CALD accessed 11 January 2008

Simmenthal (106/77), Costa v ENEL (6/64) and Van Gend (26/62).

P, Craig and G, De Burca, “The Evolution of EU Law” (2003, Oxford University Press)

B, Witte, “Direct Effect, Supremacy and the Nature of Legal Order” in P, Craig and G, De Burca, “The Evolution of EU Law” (2003, Oxford University Press)

E, Cross, “Pre-emption of Member State Law in the European Economic Community: A Framework for Analysis (1992) 29 CML Rev 447

H.W.R Wade, “Sovereignty-Revolution or Evolution (1996) 112 Law Quarterly Review 568

Confirmation from the ECJ in relation to this came in Nimz v City of Hamburg Case C-184/89

S, Weatherill, “Law and Integration in the European Union (OUP, 1995) 106

W, Van Gerven, “Bridging the Gap Between Community and National Laws: Towards a Principle of Homgeneity in the Field of Legal Remedies? (1995) 32 CML Rev 679, 686-95

J, Weiler, “The Transformation of Europe”, (1991) 100 Yale Law Journal 2403, 2414

Report of the Court of Justice on Certain Aspects of the Application of the Treaty on European Union May 1995:

P, Craig, G, De Burca, “EU Law Text and materials” (Oxford University Press, 2008) page 379 http://ec.europa.eu/comm/external_relations/human_rights/intro/index.htm#7 accessed 11 January 2009

P, Alston, J Heenan and M, Bustelo (eds), “The EU and Human Rights (Oxford University Press, 1999) and

A, von Bogdandy, “The European Union as a Human Rights Organisation: Human Rights and the Core of the European Union” (200) 37 CMLRev 1307

S, Besson, “The EU and Human Rights: Towards a Post National Human Rights Institution” [2006] HRLRev

A, Williams, “The Irony of Human Rights in the European Union (Oxford University Press, 2004)

K, Roth, “Filling the Leadership: Where is the European Union? (Human Rights Watch World Report 2007).

C, Teitgen-Colly, “The European Union and Asylum: An illusion of Protection” (2006) 43 CLMRev 1503.

Rutili v Minister for the Interior [1975] Case 36/75

Watson and Belmann [1976] Case 118/75

Parliament, Council and Commision [1977] OJ C103/1

J, Weiler, “The European Court at a Crossroads: Community Human Rights and Member State Action” in F, Capotori et al, “Du Droit International au Droit de I’ Integration (Nomos, 1987) 839 – 841.

F, Capotori et al, “Du Droit International au Droit de I’ Integration (Nomos, 1987) 839 – 841.

X v Commission Cases T-121/89,

A v Commision [1994] ECR II-179,

H S v Council [1992] ECR II-1869

K v Commision [1989] ECR 2841

Open Door Counselling Ltd and Dublin Well Woman Centre v Ireland (1992) 15 EHRR 244

Grogan Case C -159/90

ERT Case C – 260/89

Lentia v Austria (1994 )17 EHRR 93

Hoechst [1989] ECR 2859

Niemetz Series A No 251 (1992) 16 EHRR 97

Orkem Case 374/87

Funke v France Series A No. 256A (1993) 16 EHRR 297

European Court of Justice cases
Case 6/64 Costa v. ENEL [1964] ECR 585.
Case C-540/03 European Parliament v Council [2006] ECR I-5769.
Case 44/79 Hauer v Land Rheinland-Pfalz [1979] ECR 3727.
Case 4/73 Nold v Commission [1974] ECR 491.
Case C-131/03 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Holdings v Commission [2006] ECR I-7795.
Case 1/58 Stork v High Authority [1959] ECR 17 Para 26.
Case 26/62 Van Gend en Loos [1963] ECR 13.
Netherlands v Parliament and Council [2001] ECR 1-7079.

Rechnungshof v Osterreichisches Rundfunk [2003] ECR 1-4919.

Commission v Germany [l989] ECR 1263.

Prais v Council [1976] ECR 1589, ERT v DEP [1991] ECR 1-2925,

National Panasonic v Commission [1980] ECR 2033;

Lindquist [2003] ECR I-12971,

Van Eick v Commission [1968] ECR 329.

Stauder v City of Ulm [1969] ECR 419.

Frontini v Ministero Delle Finanze [1974] 2 CMLR 372

German Cases
Internationale Handelsgesellschaft mbH v. Einfuhr- und Vorratstelle für Getreide und Futtermittel (Solange I) [1974] 2 CMLR 540.
Re Wünsche Handelsgesellschaft (Solange II), Decision of 22 Oct. 1986 [1987] 3 CMLR 225.
Legislation and Treaties
Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (2007/C202/01).
EC Treaty (Treaty of Rome, as amended).
Explanations Relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights (2007/C303/02).
The Joint Declaration by the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission, OJ 1977 C 103.
Treaty on European Union.
Treaty of Lisbon.
Human Rights Act 1998 (UK).
Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany (Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland).
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Pasquale De Sena and Maria Chiara Vitucci, ‘The European courts and the Security Council: between dedoublement fonctionnel and balancing of values: a rejoinder to Grainne de Burca, Andre Nollkaemper and Iris Canor’ [2009] E.J.I.L. 889.

Nigel G. Foster, ‘The German constitution and EC membership’ [1994] P.L. 392.
Claudina Richards, ‘The supremacy of Community law before the French Constitutional Court’ [2006] E.L. Rev. 499.
Niamh Nic Shuibhne, ‘Margins of appreciation: national values, fundamental rights and EC free movement law’ (2009) E.L. Rev. 230.

Jukka Snell, ‘“European Constitutional Settlement”, an ever closer union, and the Treaty of Lisbon: democracy or relevance?’ (2008) 33(5) E.L.Rev. 619.
Phil Syrpis, ‘The Treaty of Lisbon: much ado…but about what?’ [2008], I.L.J. 219.

Paul Craig and Grainne De Burca, EU Law Text, Cases and Materials (4thedn Oxford, Oxford 2008).
Nigel Foster (ed.), Blackstone’s EU Treaties & Legislation 2009-2010 (20thedn Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2009).

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P. Alston and J. Weiler, “’An Ever Closer Union” in need of a Human Rights Policy’ (1998) 9 BIIL 658, 665-9.

N, Foster, “Blackstone’s: EU Treaties & Legislation 2009 – 2010” (Oxford University Press) page 4

D, Chalmers, “European Union Public Law” (Cambridge University Press) Page 234

A v. Bogdandy, ‘The European Union as a Human Rights Organization? Human Rights and the Core of the European Union’ (2000) 27 CML Rev. 1307, 1319-20
L Besselink, ‘Entrapped by the Maximum Standard: On Fundamental Rights, Pluralism and Subsidiarity in the European Union’ (l998) 35 CML Rev. 629
M. Avbelj, The European Court oflustice and the Question of Value Choices, Jean Monnet Working Paper 6/04.
J. Weiler, ‘Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Boundaries: On Standards and Values in the Proleclion of lIuman Rights’ in N. Neuwahl andA. Rosas, The European Union and Human Rights (The Hague, Martijnus Nijhoff, 1995) 51,52-3
C. Leben. ‘Is there a European Approach to Human Rights?’ in P. Alston (ed.), TheEU and Human Rights (Oxford University Press, 1999).
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I, Ward, ,’Making Sense of Integration: a Philosophy of Law for the European Community’ (I993) 17 Journal of European Integration 101, 128-9 and 132-3.
O. de Schutter, The Implementation of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights through the Open Method of Coordination, Jean Monnet Working Paper 7/04.,
G. de Barca, ‘The Drafting of the ED Charter of Fundamental Rights (2001) 26 ELRev.126
A. Williams: EU Human Rights Policies: a Study in Irony (Oxford, University Press, 2004) 159-60)
J. Coppell and A O’Neill. ‘The European Court of Justice: Taking Rights Seriously’ (1992) 29 CML Rev 669.
J. Weiler and N. Lockhart, “’Taking Rights Seriously” Seriously: the European Court and Fundamental Rights Jurisprudence, Part I’ (l995) 32 eML Rev. 51;
J. Weiler and N. Lockhart, ‘’’Taking Rights Seriously” : the European Court and Fundamental Rights Jurisprudence, Part II’ (I995) 32 CML Rev. 579)
M. de la Torre, ‘The Law Beneath Rights’ Feet: Preliminary Investigation for a Study of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union’ (2002) 8 European Law Journal 513, 533-5 ·
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([1990] 3 WLR 1144, [1991] UKHL 6, [1992] 1 AC 478, [1992] 1 All ER 1; From United Kingdom House of Lords Decisions; 65 KB)
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((2000) 32 HLR 625, (2000) 79 P & CR D38, [2000] 1 All ER 943, [2000] 1 EGLR 49, [2000] 1 FCR 481, [2000] 14 EG 149, [2000] 2 AC 399, [2000] 2 WLR 427, [2000] BLGR 289, [2000] EG 23, [2000] L & TR 235, [2000] NPC 16, [2000] UKHL 8; From United Kingdom House of Lords Decisions; 36 KB)
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(24 BHRC 650, [2008] 2 FCR 366, [2008] 2 FLR 1084, [2008] 3 WLR 76, [2008] Fam Law 977, [2008] HRLR 37, [2008] NI 310, [2008] UKHL 38, [2008] UKHRR 1181, [2009] 1 AC 173; From United Kingdom House of Lords Decisions; 167 KB)
 PHILIP JOSEPH HINES v. MAUREEN DAPHNE WILLANS [1997] EWCA Civ 1135 (28th February, 1997) (View without highlighting) [12%]
([1997] EWCA Civ 1135; From England and Wales Court of Appeal (Civil Division) Decisions; 27 KB)
 Chandler v Clark [2002] EWCA Civ 1249 (28 June 2002) (View without highlighting) [12%]
([2002] EWCA Civ 1249; From England and Wales Court of Appeal (Civil Division) Decisions; 23 KB)
 Sheehy -v- Talbot [2008] IEHC 207 (03 July 2008) (View without highlighting) [12%]
([2008] IEHC 207; From High Court of Ireland Decisions; 67 KB)
 Bernard v Joseph [1982] EWCA Civ 2 (30 March 1982) (View without highlighting) [11%]
([1982] 2 WLR 1052, [1982] Ch 391, [1982] EWCA Civ 2; From England and Wales Court of Appeal (Civil Division) Decisions; 57 KB)
 Crossley v Crossley [2005] EWCA Civ 1581 (21 December 2005) (View without highlighting) [11%]
([2005] EWCA Civ 1581; From England and Wales Court of Appeal (Civil Division) Decisions; 36 KB)
 Harris (t/a Fellows Sandwich Bar) & Anor (t/a Fellows Bistro) v Revenue & Customs [2007] UKVAT V20235 (03 July 2007) (View without highlighting) [11%]
([2007] UKVAT V20235; From United Kingdom VAT & Duties Tribunals Decisions; 24 KB)
 Grimm v Newman Chantry Vellacott Dfk [2002] EWCA Civ 1621 (07 November 2002) (View without highlighting) [9%]
([2002] EWCA Civ 1621, [2002] STC 1388, [2003] 1 All ER 67; From England and Wales Court of Appeal (Civil Division) Decisions; 104 KB)
 Hunt v Soady [2007] EWCA Civ 366 (26 April 2007) (View without highlighting) [9%]
([2007] EWCA Civ 366; From England and Wales Court of Appeal (Civil Division) Decisions; 25 KB)
 Lewis & Anor v Metropolitan Property Realizations Ltd [2008] EWHC 2760 (Ch) (21 November 2008) (View without highlighting) [9%]
([2008] 47 EG 113 (CS), [2008] EWHC 2760 (Ch), [2008] NPC 128, [2009] 1 FLR 631, [2009] 9 EG 198, [2009] BPIR 79, [2009] Fam Law 102; From England and Wales High Court (Chancery Division) Decisions; 32 KB)
 Uppal v Uppal & Anor [2007] EWCA Civ 411 (26 March 2007) (View without highlighting) [8%]
([2007] EWCA Civ 411; From England and Wales Court of Appeal (Civil Division) Decisions; 28 KB)
 Chan Pui Chun v Leung Kam Ho & Anor [2002] EWCA Civ 1075 (29 July 2002) (View without highlighting) [7%]
([2002] EWCA Civ 1075, [2003] 1 FCR 520, [2003] 1 FLR 23, [2003] BPIR 29; From England and Wales Court of Appeal (Civil Division) Decisions; 83 KB)
 Ashborder BV & Ors v Green Gas Power Ltd. & Ors [2004] EWHC 1517 (Ch) (29 June 2004) (View without highlighting) [7%]
([2004] EWHC 1517 (Ch); From England and Wales High Court (Chancery Division) Decisions; 253 KB)
 Dunbar v Plant [1997] EWCA Civ 2167 (23rd July, 1997) (View without highlighting) [6%]
([1997] 3 FCR 669, [1997] 3 WLR 1261, [1997] 4 All ER 289, [1997] EWCA Civ 2167, [1998] 1 FLR 157, [1998] Ch 412, [1998] Fam Law 139; From England and Wales Court of Appeal (Civil Division) Decisions; 89 KB)
 Parochial Church Council Of Parish Of Darby Green & Anor v Waldner & Ors [1998] EWCA Civ 1299 (27 July 1998) (View without highlighting) [6%]
([1998] EWCA Civ 1299; From England and Wales Court of Appeal (Civil Division) Decisions; 15 KB)
 Bryan v Shoultz [1999] EWCA Civ 1220 (21 April 1999) (View without highlighting) [6%]
([1999] EWCA Civ 1220; From England and Wales Court of Appeal (Civil Division) Decisions; 33 KB)
 Duppa v Mayo [1669] EWHC KB J97 (11 January 1669) (View without highlighting) [6%]
((1669) 1 Wms Saund 275, 85 ER 336, [1669] EWHC KB J97; From England and Wales High Court (King’s Bench Division) Decisions; 241 KB)
 Treacy -v- Roche & Anor [2009] IEHC 103 (27 February 2009) (View without highlighting) [6%]
([2009] IEHC 103; From High Court of Ireland Decisions; 37 KB)
 Basch v Stekel & Anor [2000] EWCA Civ 3033 (25 July 2000) (View without highlighting) [5%]
([2000] EWCA Civ 3033, [2001] L & TR 1 (2001) 81 P & CR DG1; From England and Wales Court of Appeal (Civil Division) Decisions; 39 KB)
 Wagstaff v Colls [2003] EWCA Civ 469 (02 April 2003) (View without highlighting) [5%]
([2003] 4 Costs LR 535, [2003] CP Rep 50, [2003] EWCA Civ 469, [2003] PNLR 29; From England and Wales Court of Appeal (Civil Division) Decisions; 79 KB)
 Mack v Lockwood & Ors [2009] EWHC 1524 (Ch) (19 June 2009) (View without highlighting) [5%]
([2009] EWHC 1524 (Ch); From England and Wales High Court (Chancery Division) Decisions; 76 KB)
 Westdeutsche Landesbank Girozentrale v Islington LBC [1996] UKHL 12 (22 May 1996) (View without highlighting) [5%]
([1996] 2 All ER 961, [1996] 2 WLR 802, [1996] 5 Bank LR 341, [1996] AC 669, [1996] UKHL 12; From United Kingdom House of Lords Decisions; 318 KB)
 Walker v. Lundborg (The Bahamas) [2008] UKPC 17 (6 March 2008) (View without highlighting) [5%]
([2008] UKPC 17; From Privy Council Decisions; 72 KB)
 Walker v Geo H Medlicott & Son (A Firm) [1998] EWCA Civ 1806 (19 November 1998) (View without highlighting) [4%]
([1998] EWCA Civ 1806, [1999] 1 WLR 727; From England and Wales Court of Appeal (Civil Division) Decisions; 65 KB)
 Waldner v Parochial Church Council Of Darby Green & Anor [1999] EWCA Civ 1605 (17 June 1999) (View without highlighting) [4%]
([1999] EWCA Civ 1605; From England and Wales Court of Appeal (Civil Division) Decisions; 9 KB)
 Corbett v Bond Pearce (A Firm) [2001] EWCA Civ 531 (11 April 2001) (View without highlighting) [4%]
http://www.desktoplawyer.co.uk/dt/browse/law/index.cfm?fuseaction=ViewContent&sid=75956&aid=34916

South Africa Act 1909

The North America Act 1867

Constitution Act 1867)

Canada Act 1982 Act

L ’Estrange v E Graucob Ltd [1934] KB 394

Reference re Amendment of the Constitution of Canada (1982) 125 DLR (3d)

British North America Act 1867

The Statute of Westminster 1931

Shore v Wilson (1842) 9 CI & Fin 355

Marquis Cholmondeley v Lord Clinton (I 820) 2 Jac & w

R, Goode, “ Commercial Law” (Third Edition, Penguin Books 2004)

Misrepresentation Act 1967

Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977

T, Downes, “Contract Law” (5th Edition, Blackstone Press Limited)

Attorney General v Jonathan Cape Ltd [1976] QB 752

Manuel v Attorney General [1983] Ch 77
A V Dicey “Introduction to the, Study of the Law of the Constitution”, (10th edn, 1959), London: Macmillan, Chapter 14)

H, Barnett, “Constitutional and Administrative Law” (Third Edition, Cavendish Publishing) page 31

T, Downes, “Contract Law” (5th Edition, Blackstone Press Limited) Page 91.

A, Atiyah, “An introduction to the law of contract” (Clarendon Press Oxford, Third edition) Page 265

Surrey County Council v Bredero Home’ Ltd (1993) 1 WLR 1361 (CA)

Attorney-General v Blake [2000] 3 WLR 625 (HL)

Thompson (W.L.) Ltd v Robinson (Gunmakers) Ltd [1955] Ch 177

Magna Carta 1215

The Petition of Right 1628

Darnel’s Case (the Five Knights case (1627) 3 St Tr 1

The Crown and Parliament Recognition Act 1689

Meeting of Parliament Act 1694

The Act of Settlement 1700

The Treaty of Union 1706

J,Poole. “ Casebook on Contract Law” (Fifth Edition Blackstone Press)

I, Jennings (Sir), Cabinet Government, 3rd edn, 1959, Cambridge: CUP, p 2.

G, Slapper and D, Kelly, “The English Legal System” (Cavendish Publishing Ltd, 4th Edition) page 29

Reiter and Swan, ‘Contracts and the protection of reasonable expectation” Studies in Contract Law (Toronto: Butterworths, 1980), 1-23)

Victorian Railway Commissioners v Coulthas [1888] 13 App Cas 222

Dulieu v White [1901] 2 KB 669

Chadwick v British Transport Commission [1967] 2 All E R.945

McLoughlin v O’Brian [1983] 1 AC 410, 429-430

Alcock v Chief Constable of South Yorkshire [1991] 4 All ER 907

McFarlane v EE Caledonia Ltd [1994] 2 All ER 1

Brice v Brown [1984] 1 All ER

Re The Herald of Free Enterprise [1989]

Nicholls v Rushton [1992] Times

Attia v British Gas [1988] QB 304 White v Chief Constable of the South Yorkshire

Police [1999] 2 AC 455

Hunter v British Coal Corp [1998].

Duncan v British Coal Corp [1999] ICR 72 CA

Caparo Plc v Dickman [1990] 2 AC 605

T, Weir, “A casebook on Tort”(10th Edition, Sweet & Maxwell 2004)

E, McKendrick,‘Vicarious Liability and Independent Contractors-A Re-examination’ (1980) 53 MLR 770,

K. M,Stanton, ‘New Forms of the Tort of Breach of Statutory Duty’ (2004) 120 LQR 324

M, Jones, “Textbook on Torts” (7th Edition, Blackstone Press Limited) page 379

Y. B. Smith (1923) 23 Col. L Rev 444, 461;

G. Williams, Liability for Independent Contractors’ . (l956) eLJ 180, 196

H, Collins, ‘Ascription of legal responsibility of Economic Integration’ (I 990) 53 MLR 731-84.

G. Williams and B. Hepple, Foundations of the law of Tort (1976), 112-15.

Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd v Shatwell [1965] AC 656

M, Atiyah, Vicarious Liability (Butterworths, 1967), 15-27

Viasystems v Thermal Transfer [2006] 2 WLR 428

Bazley v Curry [1999] 2 : 534 at 55l,

Jacobi v Griffiths [1999] 2 SCR 570 at 593

S. Waddarns, Dimensions of Private law (CUP, 2003),192, .

Lister v Hesley Hall [2001] UKHL 22

M, Atiyah, “Accidents, Compensation and the Law, 6th ed (1999), p85,

G, Williams, “Vicarious Liability and the Master’s Indemnity” (1957) 20 MLR 220,

Fleming, “The Law of Torts”, 9th edition, p 41

J, Steele, “Tort Law: Text, Cases and Materials” (Oxford University Press, 2007) Page 564

G. Williams, ‘Vicarious Liability: Tort of the Master or Tort of the Servant?’ (1956) 72LQR522.

Dubai Aluminium v Salaam [2003] 2 AC 366

Majrowskj v Guy’s and St Thomas’s NHS Trust [2006] UKHL 34

J, Salmond, “Torts” (1st Edition, 1907) page 83
Lloyd v Grace, Smith & Co [1912] AC 716

D Rose, “liability for an Employee’s Assaults” (1977) 40 MLR 420, 432-433.

I, Smith and G, Thomas, “Smith & Woods: Employment Law” (Oxford University Press) page 163

Sex Discrimination Act 1975

P, Wallington, “Butterworths Employment Law Handbook” (2009, 17th Edition)

J, Bowers et al, “Blackstones: Employment Law Practice 2009”, (Oxford University press) page 502

Jacobi v Griffiths [1999] 2 SCR 570

T, Weir, “A Casebook on Tort” (Tenth Edition, Sweet & Maxwell) Page 288

NSW v Lepore [2003] HCA 4.

N, McBride,‘Vicarious Liability in England and Australia’ (2003) 62 eLl 255.

J, Levinson, ‘Vicarious Liability for Intentional Torts’ [2005] ]PI 304.

Dubai Aluminium v Salaam [2003] 2 AC 366

Mattis v Pollock [2003] 1 WLR 2158

Bernard v AG Jamaica UKPC 47

Brown v Robinson [2004] UKPC

P,Gilliker ‘Rough Justice in an Unjust World’ (2002) 65 MLR 269.

R, Weekes, ‘Vicarious Liability for Violent Employees’ (2004) 63 eLl 53.

British Transport Commission v Gourley [1955] UKHL 4

Caparo Industries v Dickman [1990] 2 AC 605

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Customs and Excise v Barclays Bank [2006] UKHL 28

General Engineering v Kingston [1988] 3 All ER 867

Harrison v Michelin Tyre [1985] 1 All ER 918

Honeywell v Larkin [1933] All ER 77

Livingstone v Raywards (1880) 5 App Cas 25

Lister v Hesley Hall [2001] UKHL 22

Market Investigations v Minister of Social Security [1969] 2 QB 173

Rose v Plenty [1975] 1 WLR 141

Salsbury v Woodland [1970] 1 QB 324

Smith v Stages [1989] AC 928

Wagon Mound (No 1) [1961] 1 AC 617

Wheat v Lacon [1966] 1 All ER 582

Birch v Treasury Solicitor [1951] Ch 298

Bromley v Tryon [1952] A.C. 265

Family Law Reform Act 1969

Cain v Moon [1896] 2 QB 283

Oakley, A J, “Parkers and Mellows: The Modern Law of Trusts”, Sweet & Maxwell

Comiskey v Bowring-Hanbury [1905] A.C. 84

Gartside v IRC [1968] AC 553 at 617

Knight v Knight (1840) 3 Beav

Mcphail v Doulton [1971] 1 AC 424

Morice v Bishop of Durham (1804) 9 Ves 399 at 405

Milroy v Lord (1862) 4 De GF & J 264

Palmer v Simmonds (1854) 2 Drew 221

Re Beaumont [1902] 1 Ch 889

Re Craven’s Estate [1937] CH

Re Adams & Kensington Vestry (1884) 27 ChD 394

Re Barlow’s Will Trusts [1979] 1 WLR 278 at 282C-F

Re Gestener’s Settlement [1953] Ch 672

Re Gulbenkian’s Settlement [1970] AC 508 at 523.

Re Hamilton [1895] 2 Ch. 360

Re Leaper [1916] 1 Ch 579

Saunier v Anderson (1987) 43 DLR (4th) 19

Sen v Headley [1991] CH 425

Re Mustapha (1891) 8 TLR 160

Sprange v Barnard (1789) 2 Bro.C.C 585

T. Choithram International SA v Pagarani [2001] 1 WLR 1

Wills Act 1837

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